In this article, I will tell you about Shivaji Maharaj History. India’s holy land gave birth to many heroic sons. One of them was Shivaji Maharaj who was born in the Maratha family. Historians believe that in the history of Maharashtra they are the biggest warriors till date. Shivaji Maharaj is considered to be one of the brave warriors who sowed seeds of freedom fight in India.
Swami Vivekananda says –
“Shivaji is one of the best Indian liberators who have rescued our Hindu religion and country completely from drowning. He was an intrepid warrior. … ”
LIFE OF CHHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJ
Name- Shivaji Shahaji Bhosale
Born April 19, February 1630
Shivneri Fort (currently in Maharashtra)
Father Shahaji Bhosale
State Ambassador 6 June 1674
Reign of 1674-1680
Deaths April 3, 1680
Raigad Fort, Raigad, Maratha Empire (currently in Maharashtra)
CHILDHOOD OF SHIVAJI MAHARAJ
Shivaji Maharaj was born on February 19, 1630 in the hill fort of Shivneri in Junar of Pune. His mother named him Shivaji, after the name of Goddess Shivai, whom he prayed for a healthy baby. Shivaji’s father Shahaji Bhosale was the Maratha Chief of Bijapur Sultan in the South Sultanate.
Shivaji was very devoted to his mother. Mother Jijabai was extremely and religious. This religious atmosphere had a profound effect on Shivaji. He studied Ramayana and Mahabharata deeply.
When Shahaji gave Shivaji and his mother to Poona, they gave their responsibility to their manager Dadoshi Konddev. Dadoji gave Shivaji the instruction of horse riding, archery and shooting, etc. At the age of 12, Shivaji was sent to Bangalore along with his brothers, where he was trained.
SHIVAJI MAHARAJ’S FIRST BATTLE
In 1645, at the age of only 15, Shivaji got the fort from the fort by giving bribe to Bijapuri Senapati, Inayat Khan of Torna Fort. After the death of his father, Shivaji maharaj again raided the princely state of Jawwali in 1656from the nearby Maratha head.
In 1659 Adilshah sent Afzal Khan, his veteran and old commander with the intent to end Shivaji. Between the two, there was a war on the fort of Pratapgad on 10 November 1659. It was decided that both of them would come with only one sword and a follower.
With the suspicion of unbelief, Shivaji hid the other weapons and after injuring Afzal Khan, instructed his hidden soldiers to attack Bijapur.
With this bravery on 28 December 1659, he responded to the attack of Bijapur commander Rustom Jamman in Kolhapur.
SHIVAJI MAHARAJ AND MUGHALS
Shivaji, with the Mughal empire, kept peaceful relations till 1657. He helped Aurangzeb to get Bijapur, in return for which he would be given the right of Bijapuris and villages. Shivaji’s clutches began with the Mughals in March 1657when two of his officers raided Ahmadnagar.
In 1666 Aurangzeb invited Shivaji with his 9-year-old son Sambhaji in Agra. The intention was to send Shivaji to Kandahar where he used to emulate the Mughal empire. But on May 12, 1666, Aurangzeb placed Shivaji in the back of the generals in his court. Shivaji was angry, but he was arrested and detained under the Kotwal of Agra. While pretending to have serious illness, Shivaji passed away and escaped on 17 August 1666. By reaching the South, Shivaji spread the false story by killing Sambhaji in order to protect himself from the Mughals. By the end of 1670, fighting a war against the Mughals occupied many of their areas.
RAJYABHISHEK OF SHIVAJI MAHARAJ
Shivaji’s Raja Abhishek was performed on 6th June 1674 at Raigad in a grand ceremony. Shivaji officially called Chhatrapati.
PROMOTION OF SANSKRIT LANGUAGE
Sanskrit was good in Shivaji’s family and this language was encouraged. Shivaji made this tradition a robe and keep the names of his forts in Sanskrit such as Sindhudurg, Prachandgarh, and Suvarnadurga. He authorized the political book governing fund. His Rajpurohit Keshav Pandit himself was a Sanskrit poet and scholar. He revived many old durbar’s works and encouraged the use of Marathi and Sanskrit language in government work.
Shivaji was a devout Hindu but he respected all religions. They used to be very revered by the saints, especially Samarth Ramdas, whom he named as Parali, which was later named Sajjangarh. Shivshastani (praise of Shivaji Shivaji) written by Ramdas is very well known. Shivaji used to forcibly oppose the change of religion. They kept humanity towards women. His contemporary poet, poet Bhushan says that if Shivaji was not there, Kashi would have lost his culture, Mathura would have been converted into mosques and everything would have been solved. There were also many Muslim soldiers in Shivaji’s army. Siddi Ibrahim was the chief of his guns.
ARMY OF SHIVAJI MAHARAJ
Shivaji had his army erected very efficiently. He also had a huge Navy, whose head was Mayank Bhandari.
Shivaji Maharaj established an accomplished and progressive civilized rule with the help of disciplined army and well-established administrative organizations. He adopted innovative methods in the military strategy, which involved methods like sudden attack on enemies.
ADMINISTRATION OF SHIVAJI MAHARAJ
Shivaji Maharaj presented a great revenue plan based on the principles of Todar Mal and Malik Ambar. After completion of the survey, 33 percent of the land’s total gross income is fixed. Shivaji released his state’s currency which was in Sanskrit language.
DEATH OF SHIVAJI MAHARAJ
At the end of March 1680 Shivaji Maharaj was feverish and frozen. He died on April 3-5, at the age of 52. After their death, the Mughals again attacked the Marathas, but this time the war continued for many years in which the Mughals were defeated.